The group of open source software that is usually installed together to enable a server to host dynamic websites and web apps is called a “LAMP” stack. The latter is actually an acronym which represents the Linux OS, with the Apache web server which process dynamic content and MySQL database where site data is stored.
In the following guide, we will install a LAMP stack on the Ubuntu distribution.
Ubuntu will fulfill our first requirement: a Linux operating system.
download link: ubuntu
Step 1: Install Apache
The Apache web server forms part of the most popular web servers in the world. It has a well-documented structure , provides a secure, efficient and extensible server that provides HTTP services in sync with the current HTTP standard, which makes it a great default choice for hosting a website.
Apache can be easily installed using Ubuntu’s package manager,
apt. A package manager allows us to install most software without doing much from a repository maintained by Ubuntu.
we can start by typing these commands:
1. $ sudo apt-get update
2. $ sudo apt-get install apache2
Since we are using a
sudo command, these operations get executed with root privileges. It will ask you for your regular user’s password to verify your intentions.
Once the password has been entered ,
apt will tell you which packages it plans to install and how much extra disk space they’ll take up. Press Y and hit Enter to continue, and the installation will proceed.
when the installation is done you can do a spot check right away to verify that everything went as planned by visiting your server’s public IP address in your web browser:http://localhost/ or http://server-ip-address/.
You will see the default Ubuntu 16.04 Apache web page, which is there for informational and testing purposes. It should look something like this:
note: If you see this page, then your web server is now correctly installed and accessible.
you can also check on the status of apache by using this command :
$ systemctl status apache2
Step 2: Install MySQL
Since our web server is up and running, we are ready to install MySQL. MySQL is a database management system. Principally, it will arrange and allow access to databases where our site can store information.
apt can be used to acquire and install our software. But, we will also install some other “helper” packages that will assist us in getting our components to communicate with each other:
$ sudo apt-get install mysql-server
Regardless of how you installed it, MySQL should have started running automatically. To test this, check its status.
$ systemctl status mysql.service
Your output should be similar to this :
If MySQL isn’t running, you can start it with:
sudo systemctl mysql start
You now have a basic MySQL setup installed on your server.
Step 3: Install PHP
PHP (recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a common open-source general purpose scripting language that is usually used for web development and can be embedded into HTML. It connects to our MySQL databases to get information, and hand the processed content over to our web server to display.
We’re going to add some helper packages as well, so that PHP code can run under the Apache server and talk to our MySQL database:
$ sudo apt-get install php libapache2-mod-php php-mcrypt php-mysql
Test your php version:
To test that our system is configured properly for PHP, we can create a very basic PHP script.
The script will be called as “info.php”. In order for Apache to find the file and serve it correctly, it must be saved to a very specific directory, which is called the “web root”.
In Ubuntu 16.04, this directory is located at
/var/www/html/. We can create the file at that location by typing:
$ sudo nano /var/www/html/info.php
This will open a blank file. We want to put the following text, which is valid PHP code, inside the file:
That’s it. Your LAMP stack is ready to use. Feel free to comment and leave your reviews about my post. If there is something or that i should add ,notify me .